Arthritis & Treatment
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is usually caused by normal wear and tear, while rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder. Other types of arthritis can be caused by uric acid crystals, infections or even an underlying disease, such as psoriasis or lupus.
Treatments vary depending on the type of arthritis. The main goals of arthritis treatments are to improve the quality of life.
Xray usually is sufficient
- Ct scan, ultrasound, MRI(arthrogram) rarely required.
- Arthroscopy rarely will be advised by your doctor if you have a cartilaginous lesions.
What you can do
Because appointments can be brief, plan ahead and write a list that includes:
- Detailed descriptions of your symptoms
- Information about medical problems you've had in the past
- Information about the medical problems of your parents or siblings
- All the medications and dietary supplements you take
- Questions you want to ask the doctor
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor may ask some of the following questions:
- When did your symptoms start?
- Does activity make the pain better or worse?
- Is the pain in just one joint or many?
- Do you have a family history of joint pain
Arthritis treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and improving joint function. You may need to try several different treatments, or combinations of treatments, before you determine what works best for you.
- Pain killers/ Analgesics:
- Counter irritants: Gels, oils for local application.
- Disease modifying anti rheumatoid drugs(DMARDS), Biologics for Rheumatoid arthritis treatment.
Physical therapy can be helpful for some types of arthritis. Exercises can improve range of motion and strengthen the muscles surrounding joints. In some cases, splints or braces may be warranted.
If conservative measures don't help, your doctor may suggest surgery, such as:
Arthroscopic Debridement Of Joint
Arthroscopy allows surgeon to directly visualize the damaged cartilage area and can be repaired with autologous chondrocyte transplantation.i.e.,takingones own cartilage cells from the undamaged part and transplanting them over the damaged area.
This procedure removes your damaged joint and replaces it with an artificial one. Joints most commonly replaced are hips and knees.